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Mangrove Indonesia yang Amat Berguna


Dipublikasikan pada one year ago , Redaktur: Andrean W. Finaka, Riset : Rosi Oktari / Desain : Nur Halimah Syafira /   View : 7.536


indonesiabaik.id - Luas mangrove Indonesia terus mengalami kenaikan dari tahun ke tahun. Ini menunjukkan indikasi positif dalam upaya konservasi ekosistem mangrove di Indonesia.

Berdasarkan Peta Mangrove Nasional oleh Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Tahun 2021, total luas mangrove Indonesia saat ini seluas 3.364.076 Ha, yang terdiri dari 2.661.281 hektare dalam kawasan serta 702.799 hektare di luar kawasan.

Jika dibandingkan total kawasan mangrove pada 2013-2019 yang seluas 3.311.207 hektare, maka jumlah itu memperlihatkan penambahan signifikan luas jumlah kawasan sebanyak 52.835 Ha.

Namun, jika luasnya mangrove dibandingkan lagi dengan total hutan di Indonesia, luasnya hanya kurang lebih 2 persen.

Walau begitu, adanya hutan mangrove tetap berperan penting. Mangrove menjadi salah satu solusi untuk mengatasi berbagai jenis masalah lingkungan terutama untuk mengatasi kerusakan lingkungan yang disebabkan oleh rusaknya habitat untuk hewan. Kerusakan ini tidak hanya berdampak untuk hewan tapi juga untuk manusia.

Persis yang dikatakan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (LHK) Siti Nurbaya, meskipun Indonesia hanya memiliki luas hutan mangrove kurang lebih 2 persen dari total hutan, namun akan mampu menyimpan karbon sebesar 10 persen dari semua emisi yang ada.

Kondisi Mangrove Indonesia

Sesuai dengan persentase tutupan tajuk, kondisi mangrove dibedakan menjadi tiga yaitu mangrove lebat, mangrove sedang, dan mangrove jarang. Merujuk pada SNI 7717-2020, kondisi mangrove lebat adalah mangrove dengan tutupan tajuk > 70%, mangrove sedang dengan tutupan tajuk 30-70%, mangrove jarang dengan tutupan tajuk <30%.

Dari total luasan mangrove Indonesia seluas 3.364.076 Ha, kondisi mangrove lebat seluas 3.121.239 Ha (93%), mangrove sedang seluas 188.363 Ha (5%), dan mangrove jarang seluas 54.474 Ha (2%).

Berdasarkan kondisi dan sebaran mangrove di luar kawasan hutan, diketahui mangrove dengan tutupan lebat tertinggi berada di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur, mangrove sedang tertinggi berada di Provinsi Kalimantan Utara, dan mangrove jarang tertinggi berada di Provinsi Sumatera Utara dan Jawa Tengah.

 

 

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Indonesian Mangroves: Potential Solutions to Environmental Issues

 

indonesiabaik.id - Mangroves in Indonesia are growing more and more every year. This suggests a positive step in Indonesia's efforts to save its mangrove ecosystems.

According to the National Mangrove Map created by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 2021, there are 3,364,076 hectares of mangroves in Indonesia overall, including 2,661,281 hectares inside the area and 702,799 hectares outside it.

This figure indicates a considerable rise in the overall area of 52,835 hectares when compared to the entire mangrove area in 2013–2019, which was 3,311,207 hectares.

However, if the mangrove area is compared with the total forest in Indonesia, the area makes up only about 2 percent.

Even though they only make up 2% of the total area, mangrove forests are nonetheless important. Mangroves are one of the answers to different environmental issues, particularly to addressing environmental harm brought on by the elimination of animal habitats. Both humans and animals are harmed by this damage.

According to Indonesia's Minister of Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya, mangrove forests, which make up only around 2 percent of the country's total forest cover, are able to store 10 percent of all carbon dioxide emissions.

Indonesian Mangrove Condition

Three categories of mangrove conditions—dense mangroves, medium mangroves, and rare mangroves—are distinguished based on the percentage of canopy cover. According to SNI 7717-2020, dense mangroves are defined as having a canopy cover of at least 70%, medium mangroves have a canopy cover of between 30% and 70%, and rare mangroves have a canopy cover of less than 30%.

On the 3,364,076 hectares of mangroves in Indonesia, dense mangroves account for 3,121,239 hectares (93%), medium mangroves for 188,363 hectares (5%), and rare mangroves for 54,474 hectares (2%).

Based on the condition and distribution of mangroves outside the forest area, the mangroves with the highest dense cover are in East Kalimantan Province, the highest moderate mangroves are in North Kalimantan Province, and the highest rare mangroves are in North Sumatra and Central Java Provinces.



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